- 1. Requirements Management
- 1 What is Requirements Management?
- 2 Why do you need Requirements Management?
- 3 Four Fundamentals of Requirements Management
- 4 Adopting an Agile Approach to Requirements Management
- 5 Status Request Changes
- 6 Conquering the 5 Biggest Challenges of Requirements Management
- 7 Three Reasons You Need a Requirements Management Solution
- 2. Writing Requirements
- 1 Functional requirements examples and templates
- 2 Identifying and Measuring Requirements Quality
- 3 How to write system requirement specification (SRS) documents
- 4 Adopting the EARS Notation to Improve Requirements Engineering
- 5 Jama Connect Advisor™
- 6 Frequently Asked Questions about the EARS Notation and Jama Connect Requirements Advisor
- 7 How to Write an Effective Product Requirements Document (PRD)
- 8 Functional vs. Non-Functional Requirements
- 9 What Are Non-Functional Requirements and How Do They Impact Product Development?
- 10 Characteristics of Effective Software Requirements and Software Requirements Specifications (SRS)
- 11 8 Do’s and Don’ts for Writing Requirements
- 3. Requirements Gathering and Management Processes
- 1 Requirements Engineering
- 2 Requirements Analysis
- 3 A Guide to Requirements Elicitation for Product Teams
- 4 Requirements Gathering Techniques for Agile Product Teams
- 5 What is requirements gathering?
- 6 Defining and Implementing a Requirements Baseline
- 7 Managing Project Scope — Why It Matters and Best Practices
- 8 How Long Do Requirements Take?
- 4. Requirements Traceability
- 1 What is Traceability?
- 2 Tracing Your Way to Success: The Crucial Role of Traceability in Modern Product and Systems Development
- 3 Change Impact Analysis (CIA): A Short Guide for Effective Implementation
- 4 What is Requirements Traceability and Why Does It Matter for Product Teams?
- 5 Key Traceability Challenges and Tips for Ensuring Accountability and Efficiency
- 6 How to Create and Use a Requirements Traceability Matrix
- 7 Traceability Matrix 101: Why It’s Not the Ultimate Solution for Managing Requirements
- 8 Live Traceability vs. After-the-Fact Traceability
- 9 How to Overcome Organizational Barriers to Live Requirements Traceability
- 10 Requirements Traceability, What Are You Missing?
- 11 Four Best Practices for Requirements Traceability
- 13 What Are the Benefits of End-to-End Traceability During Product Development?
- 5. Requirements Management Tools and Software
- 6. Requirements Validation and Verification
- 7. Meeting Regulatory Compliance and Industry Standards
- 8. Systems Engineering
- 9. Automotive Development
- 10. Medical Device & Life Sciences Development
- 1 The Importance of Benefit-Risk Analysis in Medical Device Development
- 2 Software as a Medical Device: Revolutionizing Healthcare
- 3 What’s a Design History File, and How Are DHFs Used by Product Teams?
- 4 What is ISO 13485? Your Comprehensive Guide to Compliant Medical Device Manufacturing
- 5 Failure Modes, Effects, and Diagnostic Analysis (FMEDA) for Medical Devices: What You Need to Know
- 6 Embracing the Future of Healthcare: Exploring the Internet of Medical Things (IoMT)
- 11. Aerospace & Defense Development
ISO 26262 and Recent Updates: Ensuring Functional Safety in the Automotive Industry
ISO 26262 is a safety standard developed specifically for the automotive industry. It was published in 2011 and updated in 2018, with the goal of providing a systematic and structured approach to ensure functional safety of electrical and/or electronic systems within road vehicles. The standard is applicable to all parts of the vehicle’s electrical and electronic (E/E) systems, including hardware, software, and their integration.
In recent years, there have been updates to the ISO 26262 standard, specifically in the form of new guidelines and recommended practices. In this article, we will explore the basics of the ISO 26262 standard, as well as the recent updates and their impact on the automotive industry.
What is ISO 26262?
ISO 26262 is a functional safety standard developed by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) for road vehicles. The standard provides a framework for developing, testing, and validating the safety of E/E systems in vehicles. It is designed to ensure that any malfunctions or errors in the vehicle’s systems don’t result in accidents or injuries to passengers or other road users.
The standard is divided into ten parts, each focusing on different aspects of functional safety, like management of functional safety, concept phase, product development at the system level, hardware development, software development, production and operation, supporting processes, and the relationship with other standards.
ISO 25252 has four Automotive Safety Integrity Levels (ASIL), from A., which is the lowest, to D, which is the highest. Each level corresponds with a different level of risk associated with a potential malfunction or error in the system that could happen. The ASIL is assigned based on a few factors: the severity of the potential hazard; the likelihood of it happening; and if the driver to mitigate the hazard.
Updates to ISO 26262?
Since the original ISO 26262 standard came out in 2011, there’s been several updates and additions to the standard. These updates have been made in order to address new technologies and challenges in the automotive industry.
One of the most significant updates to the standard came in 2018, with the publication of ISO 26262-11. This addition provides guidelines for the development of safety-critical systems that use artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning (ML) algorithms. As AI and ML become more and more prevalent in the automotive industry, this guidance is essential for ensuring that these systems are safe and reliable.
Another recent update to the standard is the addition of ISO/PAS 19451:2020. This document provides guidance on how to use ISO 26262 in conjunction with other functional safety standards, such as ISO 21448 (which covers the safety of automated driving systems) and IEC 61508 (which covers the safety of electrical and electronic systems in general).
There have also been updates to ISO 26262 to address cybersecurity concerns in the automotive industry. In 2018, ISO 26262-9 was updated to include guidance and considerations for cybersecurity, such as the need for secure communication channels between components within the vehicle’s systems.
Impact of ISO 26262 on the automotive industry
ISO 26262 has made it possible for manufacturers to develop safer and more reliable systems and has had a significant impact on the automotive industry, in general, especially in advanced driver assistance systems (ADAS) and autonomous driving.
While it has positively impacted the automotive industry, it’s also introduced challenges.. Particularly for smaller businesses, compliance with the standard can be time-consuming and expensive. The standard is not always explicit on how to handle specific problems, such as the security of AI or ML-based systems.
Despite these difficulties, ISO 26262 is probably going to remain a crucial standard in the automotive sector. It will continue to be a crucial standard for the safe development of automobiles even when new technologies are developed.
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ISO: International Organization for Standardization
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